by Dr Daniel Sister

A facial is a treatment that helps the skin function at optimum level and is based on one’s skin type, broadly: dry, greasy/congested or combination of these.

Congested skins benefit from steaming, massage and extractions, whereas dry skins benefit from massage to stimulate both the circulation and the lymphatic system to kick in and help the cleansing process.

Facials can involve either or both mechanical and manual applications.

Mechanical applications range from pressurised oxygen to ultrasonic electrical frequency treatments and are prescribed on examination of skin type.

In addition to skin type, facials should be done according to skin cycle, which is unique to each of us.  Skin cycle is determined by external and internal factors such as the level of pollution, hormonal issues and general state of health.

Facials can help with any skin problems, from acne, to psoriasis to rosacea, as well as simply rebooting the skin functions and preparing it for autumn and winter with deep cleansing, peels, exfoliation and extractions.

A thorough analysis is very important, as is talking to a professional before selecting the correct treatment.

Realistically, we all have combination skins and would benefit from combination treatments as described below:

Cleansing pores and follicles followed by pumping the skin with hydration through ultrasound (this boosts blood supply to the skin and encourages both skin regeneration and lymphatic drainage), hydration rebalancing and holding hydration through the application of HA, using topical applications for brightness and pigmentation, Vitamin C and A and antioxidant serums.

It is advisable to have a deep cleansing treatment once a year, followed by in between facials.

Ultimately, you know your skin best: over-stimulating it could throw it off its natural pattern and cause irritation.

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